Evaluating reflective behavior in engineering design retrospectives: An initial coding scheme

DS 122: Proceedings of the Design Society: 24th International Conference on Engineering Design (ICED23)

Year: 2023
Editor: Kevin Otto, Boris Eisenbart, Claudia Eckert, Benoit Eynard, Dieter Krause, Josef Oehmen, Nadège Troussier
Author: Ammersdörfer, Theresa (1); Tartler, Darien (2); Kauffeld, Simone (2); Inkermann, David (1)
Series: ICED
Institution: 1: Technische Universität Clausthal, Institute of Mechanical Engineering (IMW), Robert-Koch-Str. 32, 38678 Clausthal-Zellerfeld, Germany; 2: Technische Universität Braunschweig, Institute of Work, Organizational and Social Psychology (AOS), Spielmannstraße 19, 38106 Braunschweig, Germany
Section: Design Methods
Page(s): 1685-1694
DOI number: https://doi.org/10.1017/pds.2023.169


Considering transformation processes within organizations, reflection is an enabler for learning and adaption of engineering processes, methods, and tools. Moreover, reflection as a core element of agile engineering approaches. However, a sound understanding of reflection behaviors of engineers or engineering teams is lacking. In this paper we proposed a structured reflection procedure including different dimensions to reflect on. To analyse reflection behavior of engineers and engineering teams we propose a coding scheme comprising of nine behaviors. The coding scheme allows to evaluate the reflection behavior in real time and give feedbacks to improve the quality of reflection. The proposed coding scheme is initially tested within a workshop with industry partners.

Keywords: Organisation of product development, Human behaviour in design, Design process, Collaborative design

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