Eco Design: Selection of Material for Important Parts of a Tri-Cycle Through LCA

ICORD 09: Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Research into Design, Bangalore, India 07.-09.01.2009

Year: 2009
Editor: Chakrabarti, A.
Author: Sharma,Suman; Manepatil,Smita
Section: Design for Environment, Safety, Manufacture and Cost
Page(s): 183-187


Ecodesign is an approach to design of a product with special consideration for the environmental impacts of the product during its whole lifecycle.Design for environment (DFE) and sustainable design have more broder view since they are supposed to enlarge product life cycle from the raw materials production and energy requirement upto the nal disposal and recycling. To develop a good understanding about signi cant environmental aspects of the product, LCA (Life Cycle Analysis) is carried out.LCA is a means of deriving a quantitative evaluation of environmental impact of product design and thereby re ning product quality and characteristics. LCA analyzes total impact of product on environment from extraction of raw materials that go into product through manufacture, usage and nal disposal.This paper discusses the proper material selection using LCA technique. It presents some results of case study on eco design of the important part of a Tri-cycle. As per Eco-Indicator 99, the results show that the use of Plastic has very less impact on various impact categories of Eco Indicator 99 as compared to the Steel

Keywords: Eco Design, Design for Environment (DFE), Life Cycle Analysis, Environmental Impact, Life Cycle Inventory


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